Armed Forces United States Army Land Warfare Service. The US Army is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces. It is one of the seven uniformed services of the United States, and is designated as the Army of the United States in the US Constitution. As the oldest and most senior branch of the U.S. military in order of precedence, the modern U.S.
Army has its roots in the Continental Army, to fight the American Revolutionary War before the United States of America was established as a country. After the Revolutionary War, the Congress of the Confederation created the US Army on 3 June 1784 to replace the disbanded Continental Army. The United States Army considers itself descended from the Continental Army, and dates its institutional inception from the origin of that armed force in 1775.
Armed Forces ‘United States Army’ Land Warfare Service
United States Army Mission:
The United States Army serves as the land-based branch of the U.S. Armed Forces. Section 3062 of Title 10, U.S. Code defines the purpose of the army as:
Preserving the peace and security and providing for the defense of the United States, the Commonwealths and possessions and any areas occupied by the United States Supporting the national policies Implementing the national objectives. Overcoming any nations responsible for aggressive acts that imperil the peace and security of the United States.
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The Continental United States Army was created on 14 June 1775 by the Second Continental Congress as a unified army for the colonies to fight Great Britain, with George Washington appointed as its commander. The army was initially led by men who had served in the British Army or colonial militias and who brought much of British military heritage with them.
As the Revolutionary War progressed, French aid, resources and military thinking helped shape the new army. A number of European soldiers came on their own to help, such as Fried rich Wilhelm Avon Steuben, who taught Prussian Army tactics and organizational skills.
Early wars on the Frontier:
The War of 1812, the second and last war between the US Army and Great Britain, had mixed results. The U.S. Army did not conquer Canada but it did destroy Native American resistance to expansion in the Old Northwest and it validated its independence by stopping two major British invasions in 1814 and 1815. After taking control of Lake Erie in 1813, the U.S.
Army seized parts of western Upper Canada, burned York and defeated Tecumseh, which caused his Western Confederacy to collapse. Following U.S. victories in the Canadian province of Upper Canada, British troops who had dubbed the U.S. Army “Regulars, by God!”, were able to capture and burn Washington, which was defended by militia, in 1814.
United States Army American Civil War :
The American Civil War was the costliest war for the U.S. United States Army in terms of casualties. After most slave states, located in the southern U.S., formed the Confederate States, the Confederate States Army, led by former U.S. Army officers, mobilized a large fraction of Southern white manpower.
Forces of the United States (the “Union” or “the North”) formed the Union Army, consisting of a small body of regular army units and a large body of volunteer units raised from every state, north and south, except South Carolina.
Later 19th century:
Following the Civil War, the US Army had the mission of containing western tribes of Native Americans on the Indian reservations. They set up many forts, and engaged in the last of the American Indian Wars. U.S. Army troops also occupied several Southern states during the Reconstruction Era to protect freedmen.
Army components :
The task of organizing the U.S. Army commenced in 1775.
In the first one hundred years of its existence, the US Army was maintained as a small peacetime force to man permanent forts and perform other non-wartime duties such as engineering and construction works.
During times of war, the US Army was augmented by the much larger US Volunteers which were raised independently by various state governments. States also maintained full-time militias which could also be called into the service of the army. Read More….